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Plastic Surgery

Plastic surgery is a medical specialty concerned with the correction or restoration of form and function. While famous for aesthetic surgery, plastic surgery also includes a variety of fields such as craniofacial surgery, hand surgery, burn surgery, microsurgery, and reconstructive surgery. The word "plastic" derives from the Greek plastikos meaning to mold or to shape.

Plastic Surgery Procedures

  • Arm Lift
  • Breast Augmentation
  • Breast Implants
  • Breast Lift
  • Breast Reduction
  • Liposuction
  • Thigh Lift
  • Tummy Tuck

Facial Plastic Surgery

  • Eyelid Lift
  • Face Lift
  • Brow Lift
  • Nose Surgery

Plastic Surgery Sub-Specialities

Plastic surgery is a broad field, and may be subdivided further. Plastic surgery training and approval by the American Board of Plastic Surgery includes mastery of the following as well:

  • Craniofacial Surgery

    Craniofacial surgery is generally divided into pediatric and adult craniofacial surgery. Pediatric craniofacial surgery mostly revolves around the treatment of congenital anomalies of the craniofacial skeleton and soft tissues, such as cleft lip and palate, craniosynostosis, and pediatric fractures. Because these children have multiple issues, the best approach to providing care to them is an interdisciplinary approach which also includes otolaryngologists, speech therapists, occupational therapists and geneticists. Adult craniofacial surgery deals mostly with fractures and secondary surgeries (such as orbital reconstruction). Both subspecialities usually require advanced training in craniofacial surgery. The craniofacial surgery field is also practiced by maxillofacial surgeons (see craniofacial surgery).

  • Hand Surgery

    Hand surgery is concerned with acute injuries and chronic diseases of the hand and wrist, correction of congenital malformations of the upper extremities, and peripheral nerve problems (such as brachial plexus injuries or carpal tunnel syndrome). Hand surgery is an important part of training in plastic surgery, as well as microsurgery, which is necessary to replant an amputated extremity. Most Hand surgeons will opt to complete a fellowship in Hand Surgery. The Hand surgery field is also practiced by orthopedic surgeons and general surgeons.

  • Microsurgery

    Microsurgery is generally concerned with the reconstruction of missing tissues by transferring a piece of tissue to the reconstruction site and reconnecting blood vessels. Popular subspecialty areas are breast reconstruction, head and neck reconstruction, hand surgery/replantation, and brachial plexus surgery.

  • Burn surgery

  • Aesthetic or Cosmetic Surgery

    Aesthetic or cosmetic surgery is concerned with the correction of form and aging. Plastic surgeons usually excel in this field because of their thorough knowledge of anatomy and extensive experience with reconstruction and congenital anomalies correction. Popular operations include amongst other breast augmentation, rhinoplasty, face lift, liposuction and mastopexy.

  • Pediatric Plastic Surgery

    Children often face medical issues unique from the experiences of an adult patient. Many birth defects or syndromes present at birth are best treated in childhood, and pediatric plastic surgeons specialize in treating these conditions in children. Conditions commonly treated by pediatric plastic surgeons include craniofacial anomalies, cleft lip and palate and congenital hand deformities.

  • Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

    Although not a traditionally recognized plastic surgery subspecialty, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery is concerned with the aesthetic and reconstructive problems in the head and neck region. Facial plastic surgeons have extensive experience in the head and neck surgery after completing a five year otolaryngology residency, and subsequently one-year facial plastic and reconstructive surgery fellowship. However, facial plastic surgeons are not plastic surgeons in that their training does not encompass 3-7 years of general surgery training and 2-4 years of comprehensive plastic surgery training. Facial plastic surgeons commonly perform procedures such as rhytidectomy (facelift), rhinoplasty (nose surgery), blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery), brow lift and skin cancer reconstruction.

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